India is a country renowned for diverse cultures, cuisines, attires, languages, religions, architecture, arts, sports and many more.
The country of India is divided into 29 states. Each state has its unique attire which symbolizes the cultural etiquette of that region. There are varied dresses of both men and women stitched and embroidered with vivid textures and diverse motifs.
The article will cover Part 2 of Traditional attires of Northen and Central India covering the States of Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Chattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh.
The State of Jammu and Kashmir
Jammu and Kashmir represent God's paradise on Earth with its enthralling beauty of nature dominated by mountains, lakes, valleys, and vibrant colorful flower gardens, especially tulips. The State is also famous for its tasty red apples exported to different parts of the world. The traditional attire of men is Pathani suits accompanied by headgears called turbans or skull caps. The traditional attire of women is salwar, churidar, and Pherans coupled with headgears called Taranga, and intricate jewelry. Their dresses are heavily embroidered with artistic stitches by skilled artisans.
The State of Punjab
Punjab as a state is famous for its colorful attires, fun-filled festivals, and fertile lands beaming with agricultural farming. The traditional attire of men is kurta, pajamas supported with a headgear called Pagri. The traditional attire of women is Salwar suits and churidars and also sometimes colorful Ghaghra. Both men and women have a special fascination for vividly colored footwear called Jutis.
The State of Haryana
Haryana is the neighboring state of Punjab and is similar in possessing a rich culture and heritage. The traditional attire of men is the dhoti, and kurta, accompanied by a traditional headgear called pagri and traditional footwear called Jutis. The traditional attire of women is Ghaghra choli comprising of a long ankle-length skirt as the bottom part, Kurti as the top part, and an odhani for the veil. The veil dazzles with beaming and bright colors.
The State of Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh treasures nature's beauty at its core with the mountains adorning its picturesque landscape. The traditional attire of men is kurtas, dhotis, or pajamas coupled with a traditional headgear called pagri. The traditional attire of women is kurtas and lehenga choli coupled with headscarves called Rahidis and woollen pashmina shawls. The Rahidis are festooned with heavy gold jewelry.
The State of Rajasthan
Rajasthan is the home of the hottest desert in India, the Thar desert. The state is famous for hosting several tourist places with majestic forts and fortresses and the exotic palaces of the kings with their exclusive grandeur and charisma. The traditional attire of men is dhoti or pajamas and kurta, angarkha, patka, or the waistband along with the traditional headgear called white Pagar or Safa. The traditional attire of women is long skirts called Ghaghra and blouses called Kanchli or Kurtis along with the Odhnis or veil to cover their heads.
The State of Chattisgarh
Chattisgarh is famous for the ancient temples depicting Hindu mythologies and the gushing waterfalls. The traditional attire of men is kurtas, dhotis with the headgear called a turban. The traditional attire of women is a saree called Lugda and a blouse called Polka.
The State of Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh offers artistic sculptures in the temples depicting years of historical significance. A major tourist attraction is its wildlife visited frequently by wildlife enthusiasts and bird watchers from all over the world. The traditional attire of men is the dhoti, Kurti accompanied by a jacket called Bandi or Mirzai, and a traditional headgear called Safa. The traditional attire of women is Bandej or Bandhni sarees or lehenga choli with Odhni or veil called Lugra.
The State of Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India dominated by festivals and picturesque places. The traditional attire of men is pajamas or lungis and kurta coupled with headgears called Topis or Pagris. A special attire called Sherwanis is worn during special occasions like weddings and festivals. The traditional attire of women is Salwars or Ghaghra cholis or sarees.
The State of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand, “The Land of Gods”, is prominent for Hindu pilgrimage sites. It is also well known for the famous Jim Corbett national park. The traditional attire of men is dhoti or churidar or lungi and kurta or shirt accompanied by a headgear called Gol topi or Jawahar topi. The traditional attire of women is long skirts called Ghaghra and blouses called cholis accompanied by Odhni or the veil.